4 left wing extremism

However, when he repeats the same now, it carries an air of helpless lamentation. The efforts at war footing notwithstanding, during the last six years, the area under Naxal influence has nearly doubled extending to nearly districts in fourteen states. The strength of armed guerrillas has swelled from less than 7, then to somewhere around 13, now.

4 left wing extremism

Ideology[ edit ] Left-wing terrorists have been influenced by various communist and socialist currents, including Marxism.

Fatalities in Left-wing Extremism :

Asian groups have included the Japanese Red Army and the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelamalthough the latter organization later adopted nationalist terrorism.

In Latin America, groups that became actively involved in terrorism in the s and s included the Nicaraguan Sandinistasthe Peruvian Shining Pathand the Colombian 19th of April Movement. They are known for over bombings and other violent incidents that killed eight, and for the kidnap-murder of Quebec politician Pierre Laporte in Terrorism in the United States Modern left-wing terrorist groups in the United States developed from remnants of the Weather Underground and extremist elements of the Students for a Democratic Society.

Between andthe Symbionese Liberation Army was active, committing bank robberies, murdersand other acts of violence. Most notably, the group kidnapped heiress Patty Hearst.

4 left wing extremism

A study found that in the s "the actual number of acts of terrorism committed by left-wing groups accounted for about three-fourths of all officially designated acts of domestic terrorism in America. About half of these leftist acts were committed by Puerto Rican groups, while the rest were committed by traditional leftist terrorist groups like M19CO".

These organizations opposed the United States government and drew local support, as well as receiving support from the Soviet Union and Cuba.

It funds itself primarily through extortion, kidnapping and their participation in the illegal drug trade. Businesses operating in rural areas, including agricultural, oil, and mining interests, were required to pay "vaccines" monthly payments which "protected" them from subsequent attacks and kidnappings.

An additional, albeit less lucrative, source of revenue was highway blockades in which guerrillas stopped motorists and buses in order to confiscate jewelry and money.

An estimated 20 to 30 percent of FARC combatants are under 18 years old, with many as young as 12 years old, for a total of around children. The May 19 Communist Organization was active from to Widely condemned for its brutality, including violence deployed against peasantstrade union organizers, popularly elected officials and the general civilian population, [22] Shining Path is on the United States Department of State 's "Designated Foreign Terrorist Organizations " list.

Andhra Pradesh

Asia[ edit ] Stefan M. Armed Naxalite movements are considered India's largest internal security threat. They aimed to overthrow Nepal's monarchy and parliamentary democracy, and to change Nepalese society, including a purge of the nation's elite class, a state takeover of private industry, and collectivization of agriculture.

The CPN Maoist has consistently targeted private schools, which it ideologically opposes.

Left Wing Extremism – The Threat and Response | Vivekananda International Foundation

On the 14 April the CPN Maoist demanded that all private schools shut down, although this demand was withdrawn on 28 April. Following this demand, it bombed two schools in western Nepal on 15 April, a school in Nepalganj, Banke district on 17 April and a school in Kalyanpur, Chitwan on 21 April.

CPN Maoist cadres also reportedly threw a bomb at students taking classes in a school in Khara, Rukum district. Inthey hijacked a plane to North Korea, where nine of their members were interned.

Fourteen members were killed during an internal purge. By the mids, their level of activity had declined and the US State Department no longer considered them a terrorist threat.

Intheir leader announced the dissolution of the group, although some of its members were in prison and others were still wanted by police.

4 left wing extremism

Although none have achieved any degree of success in accomplishing their goals, they have caused serious security problems in Germany, Belgium, Italy, Greece, France, Turkey, Portugal and Spain. Between andthey concentrated on non-lethal bombings and strafings of government buildings, although they assassinated a French Ministry of Defense official.

Following arrests of some of its members, the organization declined and became inactive. With about ten members, the CCC financed its activities through a series of bank robberies.

Despite attempts to avoid loss of life, there were casualties as a result of these attacks. After Carette and other members were arrested inthe group ceased to be operational. Carette served 17 years of a life sentence, although his colleagues that were convicted with him were released earlier.What is left-wing extremism?

Left-wing extremists endeavour to overcome the existing state and social order by replacing democracy with a communist or anarchist system. Far-left politics are political views located further on the left of the left-right spectrum than the standard political left. There is no one universally accepted definition for what classifies as far-left, as different political scientists .

This course covers everything related to Left Wing Extremism in India. It starts with an Introduction to Internal Security of India. It then goes on to discuss various insurgencies in India.

It then covers evolution and ideology of LWE in India. It also discusses the various threats posed by LWE and relationship of development and LWE. Crawford, left, and Feight, It’s possible the same factors fueling the growth in right-wing extremism are what’s tearing apart the Republican Party.

Extremism experts are starting to worry about the left have seen enough of a rise in politically motivated violence from the far left that monitors of right-wing extremism have begun shifting. Left wing extremism: India A major problem in engaging the Left Wing extremists is that Government expects them to give in to the demands government put forward.

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However menial these demands maybe, they prove to be deterrence for extremists.

Bundesamt für Verfassungsschutz - What is left-wing extremism?