The Cold War and decolonization transformed the twentieth century world. This volume brings together an international line-up of experts to explore how these transformations took place and expand on some of the latest threads of analysis to help inform our understanding of the links between the two phenomena. Finally, the contributors question ideas of sovereignty and state control that move beyond traditional Cold War narratives. Decolonization and the Cold War emphasizes new approaches by drawing on various methodologies, regions, themes, and interdisciplinary work, to shed new light on two topics that are increasingly important to historians of the twentieth century.
Bring fact-checked results to the top of your browser search. Total Cold War and the diffusion of power, —72 The concomitant arrival of the missile age and of an independent and restive Third World multiplied the senses in which politics had become global.
Intercontinental rockets not only meant that the most destructive weapons known could now be propelled halfway around the world in minutes but also, because of the imminent nuclear standoff they heralded, that a Cold War competition would now extend into other realms—science and technology, economic growthsocial welfare, race relations, image making—in which the Soviets or Americans could try to prove that their system was the best.
At the same time, the decolonization of dozens of underdeveloped states in Asia and Africa induced the superpowers to look beyond the original front lines of the Cold War in Europe and East Asia.
These technological and political revolutions would seem to have raised the United States and the Soviet Union to unequaled heights of power. By the mids the vigorous response of the Kennedy and Johnson administrations to the Cold War challenge seemed to ensure American technological, economic, and military primacy for the forseeable future.
A mere five to seven years later, however, it became clear that the s, far from establishing an American hegemonyhad in fact wrought a diffusion of world power and an erosion of the formerly rigid Cold War blocs. Western Europe and Japannow recovered from the war, also achieved dynamic economic growth in the s, reducing their relative inferiority to the United States and prompting their governments to exercise a greater independence.
The Sino-Soviet splitperhaps the most important event in postwar diplomacy, shattered the unity of the Communist bloc, and Third World countries often showed themselves resistant to superpower coercion or cajoling. By the U. The world after Sputnik Soviet progress and American reaction Premier Khrushchev anticipated the new correlation of forces in his foreign policy address to the 20th Party Congress in In Leninist doctrine this last phrase implied a state of continued competition and Socialist advance without war.
The immediate opportunities for Socialismaccording to Khrushchev, derived from the struggle of the colonial peoples, which the U.
Sputnik restored Soviet prestige after the embarrassment in Hungaryshook European confidence in the U. Eisenhower was apprised in advance of Soviet missile progress thanks in part to overflights of the U-2 spy plane.
By the time of Sputnik the Pentagon already had several parallel programs for ballistic missiles of various types, including the advanced, solid-fueled Polaris and Minuteman. The great fleet of B and B intercontinental bombers already deployed also assured continued American strategic superiority through the early s.
The frugal Eisenhower thus tried to play down the importance of Sputnik and to discourage a race for arms or prestige, but he was frustrated by a coalition of Democrats, journalists, academics, and hawks of both parties who insisted that the United States not only leapfrog the Soviets in space and missiles but also increase federal support to education, extend more military and economic aid to the Third World, and expand social programs at home intended in part to polish the American image abroad—in short, pursue the Cold War more vigorously.
Eisenhower conceded to this mood in by sponsoring creation of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration and passage of the National Defense Education Actaccelerating weapons programs, and deploying intermediate-range missiles in EnglandItalyand Turkey.
He also acknowledged the expanded Soviet threat in his State of the Union address in The Soviets are, in short, waging total cold war. The Sino-Soviet split A still more energetic U. Western observers looked in vain for ways to split the Communist bloc.
Russian leadership in the world Communist movement was thus challenged for the first time. Mao was a romantic revolutionary with an unquestionable bent for cruel or irrational theatrics on a gigantic scale.
Large-scale industries and infrastructure collapsed, much to the disgust of Soviet guest engineers. By —61 the economic chaos had become so severe that famine claimed 6,—7, lives.
At a November summit Mao learned that the Soviets would insist on retaining control over any warheads sent to China and would not share missile technology.It is the goal of the White Plains School District that the information on its Website be accessible to all individuals, including those with visual, hearing, or cognitive disabilities.
Spring IAS A Indigenous Visions Across the Americas.
Tuesday Campell Dalglish. This course covers films by and about the Indigenous Peoples of Americas with a primary focus on the American Indian so that students can grasp an ethnographic experience similar to . Connecting Histories: Decolonization and the Cold War in Southeast Asia, – draws on newly available archival documentation from both Western and Asian countries to explore decolonization, the Cold War, and the establishment of a new international order in post-World War II Southeast Asia.
Major historical forces intersected here—of. The Cold War was a state of geopolitical tension between the Soviet Union with its satellite states (the Eastern Bloc), and the United States with its allies (the Western Bloc) after World War II.A common historiography of the conflict begins with , the year U.S.
diplomat George F. Kennan's "Long Telegram" from Moscow cemented a U.S. foreign policy of containment of Soviet expansionism. The process of decolonization coincided with the new Cold War between the Soviet Union and the United States, and with the early development of the new United Nations.
Decolonization was often affected by superpower competition, and had a definite impact on the evolution of that competition. We will write a custom essay sample on Decolonization and Influence of the Cold War specifically for you Cold War.
With disputes over countries such as Korea, Cuba, and Vietnam, it became apparent that the politics of the Cold War contributed to the decolonization process across the globe.
Topic: Decolonization and Influence of the Cold.