Where can I get more information? What is autism spectrum disorder? Autism spectrum disorder ASD refers to a group of complex neurodevelopment disorders characterized by repetitive and characteristic patterns of behavior and difficulties with social communication and interaction. The symptoms are present from early childhood and affect daily functioning.
AS is characterized by: Other features are commonly associated with this syndromebut are not always regarded as necessary for diagnosis. Unlike most forms of PDDs, AS is often camouflaged, and many people with the disorder blend in with those that do not have it. The effects of AS depend on how an affected individual responds to the syndrome itself.
People with AS lack the natural ability to see the subtexts of social interaction, and may lack the ability to communicate their own emotional state, resulting in well-meaning remarks that may offend, or finding it hard to know what is "acceptable".
The unwritten rules of social behavior that mystify so many with AS have been termed the "hidden curriculum". Deprived of this insightful information, they are unable to interpret or understand the desires or intentions of others and thereby are unable to predict what to expect of others or what others may expect of them.
This often leads to social awkwardness and inappropriate behavior. In Asperger's Syndrome, Intervening in Schools, Clinics, and Communities, Tony Attwood categorizes the many ways that lack of "theory of mind" can negatively impact the social interactions of people with Asperger's: Making literal interpretation - AS individuals have trouble interpreting colloquialisms, sarcasm, and metaphors.
Being considered disrespectful and rude - Prone to egocentric behavior, individuals with Asperger's miss cues and warning signs that this behavior is inappropriate.
Honesty and deception - Children with Asperger's are often considered "too honest" and have difficulty being deceptive, even at the expense of hurting someone's feelings. Becoming aware of making social errors - As children with Asperger's mature, and become aware of their mindblindness, their fear of making a social mistake, and their self-criticism when they do so, can lead to social phobia.
A sense of paranoia - Because of their mindblindness, persons with Asperger's have trouble distinguishing the difference between the deliberate or accidental actions of others, which can in turn lead to a feeling of paranoia. Managing conflict - Being unable to understand other points of view can lead to inflexibility and an inability to negotiate conflict resolution.
Once the conflict is resolved, remorse may not be evident. Awareness of hurting the feelings of others - A lack of empathy often leads to unintentionally offensive or insensitive behaviors. Repairing someone's feelings - Lacking intuition about the feelings of others, people with AS have little understanding of how to console someone or how to make them feel better.
Recognizing signs of boredom - Inability to understand other people's interests can lead AS persons to be inattentive to others. Conversely, people with AS often fail to notice when others are uninterested.
Introspection and self-consciousness - Individuals with AS have difficulty understanding their own feelings or their impact on the feelings of other people.
Clothing and personal hygiene - People with AS tend to be less affected by peer pressure than others. As a result, they often do what is comfortable and are unconcerned about their impact on others.
Reciprocal love and grief - Since people with AS react more practically than emotionally, their expressions of affection and grief are often short and weak. Understanding of embarrassment and faux pas - Although persons with AS have an intellectual understanding of embarrassment and faux pas, they are unable to grasp concepts on an emotional level.
Coping with criticism - People with AS are compelled to correct mistakes, even when they are made by someone in a position of authority, such as a teacher. For this reason, they can be unwittingly offensive. Speed and quality of social processing - Because they respond through reasoning and not intuition, AS individuals tend to process social information more slowly than the norm, leading to uncomfortable pauses or delays in response.
Exhaustion - As people with AS begin to understand theory of mind, they must make a deliberate effort to process social information.Social anxiety disorder or For example, social skill deficits cause social isolation, and social isolation worsens social skills.
Minor social problems in childhood can turn into serious antisocial or anxious problems in the future. High-functioning autism and Asperger’s syndrome. Terms used in diagnostic criteria such as 'lack of appreciation of social cues' could be illustrated by a very wide range of examples of real-life alphabetnyc.comers Story RESOURCES Asperger's Writers Aspergers Videos Members Special Reports Your Account Aspergers Forum home | Aspergers Diagnosis | Aspergers Diagnosis.
Jul 07, · Asperger syndrome is considered an autism spectrum disorder that is characterized by impairments in social interaction and communication, as well as repetitive and restricted patterns of behaviors and interests, which manifest to a degree where the individuals with this disorder are still "high-functioning," and more able in the realms of.
Autism Spectrum Disorder Bennett L. Leventhal, MD Professor Childhood‐Onset Fluency Disorder (Stuttering) 7. Social Pragmatic Communication Disorder (SCD) 8. Unspecified Communication Disorder 9. Autism Spectrum Disorder(ASD) volatile, social isolation, no.
Associated features of Selective Mutism may include excessive shyness, fear of social embarrassment, social isolation and withdrawal, clinging, compulsive traits, negativism, temper tantrums, or controlling or oppositional behavior, particularly at home. Autism is a developmental disability characterized by varying degrees of social interaction, verbal and nonverbal communication, and repetitive behaviors.
Early identification and intervention can greatly improve a child’s life.