Abstract Over individuals were killed andwere displaced during post-election violence PEV in Kenya in Clients experiencing treatment interruption were compared between the PEV period 30 December to 28 February and the same time period one year earlier.
Election violence is not new to the East African country. About 1, peopleincluding children, died in the events that followed the election in This time, opposition candidate Raila Odinga immediately disputed the victory of Uhuru Kenyatta as president.
This has led to killings, injuries and loss of property in post-election protests in the capital and elsewhere. Two children were reportedly among the casualties. A climate of fear and uncertainty can trigger psychological distress for all people.
However, children are more vulnerable because graphic images shape their developing brains, leaving effects that last into adolescence and adulthood.
Children are exposed to violence on television and other media platforms. They can also witness violence or even death in their families or neighbourhoods. This can cause lasting physical, mental and emotional harm.
The short and long term psychological effects include behavioural and emotional symptoms like fear, aggression, irregular sleep patterns, disturbed play and learning difficulties. They could become anxious whenever elections take place.
Behaviour changes People interpret traumatic events differently, according to their age and socialisation. Children have immature mental processes which could misinterpret events and trigger trauma related conditions unless they get psychological support.
A child interacts with family members, peers, schoolmates, neighbours and other groups. Children often internalise their fear.
They may feel anxious, depressed or stressed. Some act out and become more aggressive. They may consider acts of violence as normal. Boys are more likely to be more aggressiveimpulsive or antisocial than girls when exposed to violence.
Studies have shown that girls tend to internalise emotions as anxiety and depression. Persistent and excessive fear of losing a caregiver in an accident or disaster is a common reaction to trauma. The child becomes restless and does not want to be separated from the caregiver.
Some children will cry frequently, become sad or have poor concentration and decreased interest in social activities unless a guardian is present.
They may become tense or restless and constantly worry that something bad will take place. They may have nightmares or re-enact traumatic events when playing. Other symptoms include irritability and startled reactions.
This can impair cognitive and social functioning and lead to poor school performance. In adulthood, they may become dependent and over-protective of their loved ones.
Their behaviour may cause conflict in some families. Coping with the effects of violence and fear Children feel more secure when there is less conflict in the family and community.
Effects of violence are treatable through individual therapy or group therapy. Studies in Indonesia show that affected children were helped by counselling programmes at school, where they expressed their fears.It's important to understand the nature and extent of children's exposure to violence during general elections so they can be protected.
Electoral conflict and violence can be defined as any random or organized act or threat to intimidate, physically harm, blackmail, or abuse a political stakeholder in seeking to determine, delay, or to otherwise influence an. The focus of this study was the effects ofthe post-election violence, a case study of the City of Kisumu.
The study was conducted by interviewing people living in Kisumu and had experienced the post-election violence. A CASE OF NAKURU TOWN AND ITS ENVIRONS Kenya came to the brink of collapsing after the December elections with one function of the political EFFECTS OF POST ELECTION VIOLENCE.
Published. The study objectives were to; establish the causes of post- election violence, evaluate the agricultural profit and loss margins from different farming systems, assess the effects of violence on agriculture and farm productivity and suggest policy development in resolving post-election violence.
The study objectives were to; establish the causes of post- election violence, evaluate the agricultural profit and loss margins from different farming systems, assess the effects of violence on agriculture and farm productivity and suggest policy development in resolving post-election violence.