George Orwell The Sporting Spirit Now that the brief visit of the Dynamo football team has come to an end, it is possible to say publicly what many thinking people were saying privately before the Dynamos ever arrived. That is, that sport is an unfailing cause of ill-will, and that if such a visit as this had any effect at all on Anglo-Soviet relations, it could only be to make them slightly worse than before.
Zen and the Art of Divebombing, or The Dark Side of the Tao Whoever is called a great minister, when he finds that he cannot morally serve his prince, he resigns. Lau , and Joanna C. Lee  I felt a great disturbance in the Force, as if millions of voices suddenly cried out in terror, and were suddenly silenced.
I fear something terrible has happened. Alec Guiness, as Obi-Wan Kenobi, Star WarsIn the Bhagavad GitaArjuna is taught by Krishna that it is his dharma as a warrior to fight the righteous battle with his cousins and kill them, and that if he kills them without passion or expectation, practicing karmayoga, he can achieve salvation even while he does this.
A similar mix of purposes, religious and martial, though with major differences, can be found centuries later with the samurai warrior class of Japan, and with the militaristic ideology that later developed in modern Japan.
Although fighting battles and killing enemies would seem to violate the Buddha-dharma, specifically the Precept of the Buddha not to kill, an apparent violation that has troubled many over the years, certain samurai, and later the modern military, ultimately could see themselves as fulfilling a Buddhist purpose in what they did, even in the horrors of Essay contests in india War II in the Pacific.
The ultimate lesson, as we shall see, is one about the nature of morality. It has become common to use "Zen" to refer to the Ch'an School both in China and in the other places to which the School spread, like Korea and Vietnam.
This has occurred probably because Zen was popularized in the West by Japanese practitioners like D. The chart illustrates the historic flow of influence, with the Korean and Vietnamese pronunciations, as well as the Japanese, of "Ch'an.
Traditionally, Ch'an is supposed to have begun in China with a semi-legendary Buddhist missionary from India, Bodhidharma died c.
The story is that Bodhidharma arrived in China, went to the Shao-lin Monastery -- famous as the place where kung-fu from"ability; work; service"Chinese boxing, is supposed to have originated and popularized in the Kung Fu television series, starring David Carradine, in the 's -- and sat down to stare at a wall.
After nine years, he suddenly achieved enlightenment. Bodhidharma is often shown with legs that are withered, or have even fallen off, because of how long he had sat on them, cutting off the circulation.
In Japan, this has given rise to the "Daruma doll," in which Bodhidharma Daruma is represented in a round shape, as a good luck talisman, weighted so that it will return upright when roled. In this strange story, Bodhidharma is supposed to have achieved "Sudden Enlightenment," whose characteristic is not just that it is sudden but that it is inexplicable.
There is nothing about the wall, or about what Bodhidharma was thinking about if anythingthat explains why or how he achieved enlightenment. This goes back to a fundamental feature of Buddhist thought, that not everything about reality is or can be explained. Thus, when the Buddha was asked about certain things, he said they were "questions which tend not to edification," and refused to answer them.
Bear always in mind what it is that I have not elucidated, and what it is that I have elucidated. And what have I not elucidated?
And why have I not elucidated this? Because this profits not, nor has to do with the fundamentals of relgiion, nor tends to aversion, absence of passion, cessation, quiescence, the supernatural faculties, supreme wisdom, and Nirvana; therefore have I not elucidated it.
And what have I elucidated? Misery [duhkha, pain, suffering -- from the root du, to burn, pain, torment] have I elucidated; the origin of misery have I elucidated; the cessation of misery have I elucidated; and the path leading to the cessation of misery have I elucidated [i. And why have I elucidated this?
Because this does profit, has to do with the fundamentals of religion, and tends to aversion, absence of passion, cessation, quiescence, knowledge, supreme wisdom, and Nirvana; therefore have I elucidated it.
The Greek Hellenistic philosopher Pyrrho of Elis picked up this idea while in India with the army of Alexander the Greatand taught a skepticism where we are to "suspend judgment" in all things, refusing to say of anything either that it is, or that it is not, or both, or neither. The Buddhist origin of this is unmistakable, even if we did not also have credible evidence of Pyrrho having been in India.
In Buddhism itself, a stronger idea developed, not just that these issues do not "tend to edification," but that the nature of reality is such that these rational alternates cannot apply to it, so that, in fact, the saint neither exists after death nor does not exist nor both nor neither -- because, whatever the nature of the saint's existence, it is beyond rational comprehension, beyond the affirmation or denial of any possible predicate.
Desiring to choose a "dharma heir" and return to India, Bodhidharma asked his closest students to state the essence of his teaching [these are the Japanese versions of their names]: Dofuku said, "In my opinion, truth is beyond affirmation or negation, for this is the way it moves.
In my opinion, no-thing is reality. Tuttle,Anchor Books, and Shambhala,pp. This characteristically Taoist idea, then, is assimilated into Buddhism through Ch'an. A Buddhist background for it, however, needed to be discovered or Although I don't know if the claim was ever made, the Ch'an tradition could easily say that the "Lotus Sermon" was in fact the silent twirling of the flower, which could not be recorded in the text, but which did constitute the extra-texual "silent teaching.
The idea of the transmission apart from texts could be fiercely denied by other Buddhist figures.
Since each person's enlightenment needs to be certified by someone in the apostolic succession, Ch'an contains an essential element that could easily become authoritarian and dictatorial, depending on the personal authority of the certified teachers. But Ch'an contains the opposite tendency also, at times seeming very antinomian, anarchic, and individualistic, as in the saying that if you meet the Buddha on the road, you should kill him -- since enlightenment is not be found in some person.
Other factors will determine which tendency predominates at different times and places. The indirect nature of the "silent teaching" can be illustrated with a couple of examples. One is a story, the very first one I ever heard about Zen back in A young man hears that there is a Zen master living as a hermit in the forest.In South Asia, Pakistan and India have continued to build ever-larger arsenals of nuclear weapons.
And in the Middle East, uncertainty about continued US support for the landmark Iranian nuclear deal adds to a bleak overall picture. The BERKELEY PRIZE Competition was established in , made possible by a generous gift of JUDITH LEE STRONACH to the Department of Architecture in the College of Environmental Design at the University of California, Berkeley.
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When spellers win the Scripps National Spelling Bee, audiences want to know their secrets, and this seems to be much more the case in recent years in response to an Indian American winning streak. The main focus of this book is on the causation of starvation in general and of famines in particular.
The author develops the alternative method of analysis--the 'entitlement approach'--concentrating on ownership and exchange, not on food supply.