Between the Gender Lines:
Research Critique 1 Jamber, E. Investigating leadership, gender, and coaching level using the Revised Leadership for Sport Scale. Journal of Sport Behavior, 20, The purpose of the study was to determine possible differences in leadership behaviors, using the Revised Leadership for Sport Scale RLSSbetween male and female coaches and among different coaching levels.
The researchers submitted two hypotheses. The first hypothesis was that male and female coaches would respond differently to the RLSS in overall leadership behaviors.
The second hypothesis was that differences on the RLSS would occur among coaching levels: The sample was nonrandom, including coaches that were chosen on a volunteer basis. Within the sample, 0. With regard to coaching level, 25 0. While this is a good sample size, the problem lies with the distribution of the sample.
The sample number for junior high coaches, in particular, is rather low. A larger sample with regard to all categories would have aided in the data analysis, particularly when looking for possible interactions between gender and coaching level.
This scale is used to measure six leadership behaviors: This produced an ordinal level data set. Scales were administered in a number of environmental settings: The internal consistency for each section was calculated: There was no information, however, regarding the validity of the RLSS.
A MANOVA was used to analyze the data for differences between male and female coaches with regard to leadership behaviors. This is not consistent with the type of data collected.
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The analysis showed there were no significant differences between male and female coaches in overall leadership behaviors. When the six leadership styles were examined separately, there was a significant difference in social support between males and females.
In general, females scored much higher than did the male coaches. A MANOVA was also used to examine the data for differences between the three levels of coaching junior high, high school, and college with regard to leadership behavior in general.questionable!decision!making!on!alower!level.!Udo!Pesch!sees!this!as!“undesirable”!and!writes!
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