Kantian Approach to Business Ethics Kantian Approach to Business Ethics Essay The Kantian theory is said to be the most remarkable of all deontological theories primarily in its premise that actions are not justified by their consequences Prakashan The argument that was raised by Kant was for an act to be considered morally acceptable it should be propelled by duty and not by motive.
I had to study and evaluate the work of two philosophers named Jeremy Bentham and Immanuel Kant. These two philosophers examined the nature of morality a long time ago and they formed two different theories of moral philosophy.
Bentham formed the consequentialist utilitarian theory which evaluates the moral rightness of a decision based on its outcome, while Kant formed the deontological moral duty theory which evaluates the moral rightness of an action no matter what the consequence.
Wolff Jeremy Bentham is primarily known today for his principle of utilitarianism, which evaluates actions based on their consequences.
Bentham defines utility as the property in any object that tends to produce benefit, good, pleasure or happiness or averts the happenings of pain and unhappiness to the party where interest is considered.
Hence, utilitarianism bases its understanding of right action based on consequences. Bentham reminds us that it is crucial to move from the total pleasure and pain experienced by one person to the total pleasure or pain experienced by all members of the community taken together.
Wolff On the other hand, Kant proposes that only duty and rules should govern our actions, as consequences are beyond our control. To Kant, the only good thing in the universe is good will.
The question I have is, how do we know what it means to be good, and how do we encourage a good will? There are ten dying patients in a small clinic in a village who have a rare blood disease and they urgently need blood transfusions from a healthy individual with blood type O.
Now, the doctor is faced with two options; he can either kill the healthy individual to save the other ten dying patients, or allow the ten dying patients to die and let the healthy individual live.
In this situation, what is the doctor morally obliged to do? Conversely, before Kant decides if killing the healthy individual is moral or immoral, he would consider if killing the healthy individual will respect the goals of humanity. He would want us to act in such a way that we treat humanity, whether in our own person or in the person of another, always at the same time as an end and never just as a means.
Therefore, the doctor would not be morally justified in killing the patient. In the example above, it can be said that the Kantian response seems intuitively right as killing the healthy individual just because he can save ten other lives violates the goals of humanity.
Furthermore, in real life, no doctor would want to take on the responsibility of killing an innocent person, regardless of whether they would save the lives of ten other patients. Your very close family friend and neighbor, Mr.
Tan, who is Chinese, has lost his home due to a bombing and he and his family have come to ask if they can stay with you for a week. You agreed to house him for a week and all seems to be going well until one day you find out that the Japanese soldiers have a clue that there is a slight chance that Mr.
Tan and his family might be living with you. They have come to your home to look for Mr. Tan and his family.
If the soldiers find out that Mr.Sep 09, · “Kantian Deontology, Utilitarianism and Ethics of Care: A Comparison of Theories, and How They Defend Human Dignity” By Michael Phelan O’Toole (Essay 2) Mass Bay Community College Ethics / PH Professor Robert Tarutis December 17th, In an effort to better understand what is considered “good,” it is necessary to compare what the ethical.
Oct 22, · Deontological Essay. Kant Deontological Theory. Words | 7 Pages. rewarded in the next life. Kantian Ethics (Deontology)," ). Therefore, deontological ethics refers to the moral duty to act a certain way. Deontological ethics are the opposite of consequentialist ethics, which suggest that an act is morally justified if no harm is.
The “deon-” part of deontology is the Greek word for “duty,” and for this reason alone it seems an apt category for classifying Kant’s ethics.
But there is growing skepticism now that it really does qualify as a deontological theory. Kantian Moral Theory: Respect for Humans Essay Imannual Kant’s ethical and moral theory is an established and a very well-known fact and is considered to be important.
Kant’s ethical theory is also known as “respect for persons”. How far is deontology persuasive as an ethical theory? (12 marks) Kant's morality is straight forward and based on reason.
There are clear criteria to assess what is moral and the moral value of an action comes from the action itself but many people would consider that thinking about the result of an action is an important part of ethical decision-making, and if the outcome doesn't make. Kantian Approach to Business Ethics Essay The Kantian theory is said to be the most remarkable of all deontological theories primarily in its premise that .