Dissertation has no chance for success without a clear and well-written description of the procedures and approaches used during research.
It provides a sound rationale for your choice of research methods and analytical toolsand hence is a vital component of dissertations and theses. Having a thoroughly-thought-outresearch methodology gives researchers a strong grip on their methods, data, tools, and techniques.
However, many scholars, even the ones at advanced stages of research, have little or no idea what methodology means. What is a research methodology? The term research methodology evades adefinite or easy definition.
However, in academia, it is typically used to refer to the methodical and theoretical analysis of the methods you employ to carry out your research within a certain discipline or field.
This means research methodology is not a fixed principle, but something that changes across disciplines and fields. While writing dissertations, the methodology section serves as a broad research strategy that tells your readers how the research is undertaken, what methods and techniques are used, and why.
Difference between method and methodology As already made mention of, many students mistake research methodsfor methodology. To put it simply, the tools, processes and techniques you use to collect data are called methods. For instance, interviews, questionnaires, surveys, observation, etc.
Methodology, on the other hand, determines what your methods are and how they should be used. It is centered on the principles that shape your approach and guide your research practices; it further provides a broad philosophical support to the research methods you have chosen.
For instance, the methodology section of your dissertation helps justify why you have chosen the qualitative method over quantitative, or why a mixed approach is necessary to gather and analyze data.
Tips for writing a sound methodology A research project is always as good as its methodology. Unsurprisingly,research guides and evaluators pay special attention to the methodology section of your dissertation.
The more methodological rigor your thesis has, the better it will be. Here are a few things your methodology section should contain Mention your methods: At the outset, make a mention of the methods you are using, such as surveys, archival research, participant observation, interviews, etc.
This is of extreme importance in social sciences and allied fields where different methods and approached may lead to different conclusions. Likewise, if your methodologies are uncommon to readers, you need to throw more light on them by providing additional explanation or background information.
Paint the larger picture: You should provide the broad picture of your methodological approach in an unequivocal manner. For instance, you should indicate whether you are following a qualitative approach, a qualitative one, a mixed approach or any special approach to go deeper into your field of study.
Equally important it is to indicate how the methods and approach you employ correspond to the overall objectives of your research.
You need to ensure that the methods used in your research are actually helpful in addressing the research questions you raised. Be it sampling or subject selection, justify why you chose what you have chosen.
From a multitude of texts, data, sources, people, demography, and statistics, you are choosing a specific set as your sample, so it is mandatory that you explain why your choice matters.
Give a hint about result analysis: The methodology section of your dissertation should indicate the ways in which you intend to analyze the results obtained from collected data. How you analyze your results have a significant bearing on what your conclusions and findings will be.
Those doing quantitative research may use statistical analysis while those who use the qualitative approach may resort to theoretical analysis to explain observed patterns, behaviors, trends, contradictions, etc. Finally, a good methodology section always points out its own potential limitations, instead of hiding them from readers.
No data sample is complete, nor is any method devoid of drawbacks.
While some limitations stem from practical difficulties, others indicate theoretical issues; while some limitations can be anticipated, others crop up only as you proceed with your research.
Any methodological limitation you can anticipate should be mentioned, and the reasons why you think the benefits of using a particular methodology will outweigh its limitations should also be given in your dissertation methodology.The methods section, or chapter three, of the dissertation or thesis is often the most challenging for graduate students.
The methodology section, chapter three should reiterate the research questions and hypotheses, present the research design, discuss the participants, the instruments to be used, the procedure, the data analysis plan, and the sample size justification.
The introduction to your methodology section should begin by restating the research problem and underlying assumptions underpinning your study. The Education Dissertation A Guide for Practitioner Scholars. Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin, ; Carter, Susan. One of the key factors in writing a dissertation that successfully presents your research is the Dissertation Methodology.
What is the Methodology? This is the section of your dissertation that explains how you carried out your research, where your data comes from, what sort of . The main purpose of Chapter 3 of your dissertation, which is methodology, is to give enough information to an experienced investigator to be able to replicate the study.
Dissertation Methodology Examples. Below you will find our Dissertation Methodology Examples index. This index contains a number of genuine, methodologies that were written by students for their dissertations. The Methodology section of a thesis or dissertation (also sometimes called the Methods or Materials and Methods section) is where you explain the exact procedures you used to conduct your research.
It should be very detailed - after completing this section the reader should be able to .