Therefore, whenever organizations choose to buy computers, databases, networks, software, or many other computer related materials, they are making an investment in IT. In fact, much of the evidence from the s to the s indicated otherwise. What about the Productivity Paradox The productivity paradox also the Solow computer paradox is the peculiar observation made in business process analysis that, as more investment is made in information technology, worker productivity may go down instead of up.
ABSTRACT Paradox technology advancements in the workplace frequently have produced contradictory effects by facilitating accessibility and efficiency while increasing interruptions and unpredictability. We combine insights from organizational paradoxes and the job demands—resources model Paradox technology construct a framework identifying positive and negative mechanisms in the relationship between communication technology use CTU and employee well-being, operationalized as work engagement and burnout.
In this study of Dutch workers, we demonstrate that CTU increases well-being through positive pathways accessibility and efficiency and decreases well-being through negative pathways interruptions and unpredictability. We highlight the importance of 1 investigating CTU resources and demands simultaneously to grasp the relationship between CTU and employee well-being, and 2 considering CTU's downsides to successfully implement new communication technologies and flexible work designs.
The use of communication technology enables an extensive range of work styles and preferences allowing employees to work both during and outside of regular office hours in their preferred locations.
Despite the increased adoption of communication technologies and flexible work practices, organizations e. In general, communication technology use CTU has been found to have both distinct advantages e.
Thus, CTU benefits but can also strain employee well-being. However, empirical research has not yet evaluated these opposing dynamics in the context of CTU and employee well-being. In this study, we introduce a model that identifies how the concurrent advantages and challenges of CTU explain the relationship between CTU and well-being.
We also compare these parallel pathways to evaluate differences in the effect strengths of CTU advantages and challenges as they relate to employee well-being. Researchers are increasingly adopting a tension-based research lens to investigate opposite tendencies that potentially negate one another e.
We draw on the job demands—resources JD—R model to link the literature on paradoxes to employee well-being.
Burnout is a stress syndrome characterized by high and persistent levels of exhaustion; exhaustion is the central quality of burnout and one of its core dimensions Bakker et al. Vigor is one of the core dimensions of work engagement Bakker et al. We argue that CTU produces a specific set of advantages i.
Therefore, the objective of this study is to examine the relationship between CTU and employee well-being while considering the indirect influence of CTU-related resources and demands. Specifically, drawing on the recent literature, we regard efficient communication and accessibility as resources and interruptions and unpredictability as demands related to CTU and well-being Cavazotte et al.
This study contributes to the literature in three ways.
First, we propose a theoretical model that integrates the opposing effects of CTU and evaluates their effects on employee well-being.
Third, the JD—R model entails two processes: We test whether this notion holds in the context of CTU and its related resources and demands by contrasting the indirect effects on burnout and work engagement. Therefore, this study is the first to argue that the paradoxical mechanisms of CTU should be viewed as resources and demands that influence two essential facets of employee well-being.
Specifically, we examine the significant indirect effect of CTU demands and resources on the relationship between CTU and well-being, which adds to the literature by emphasizing that the relationship between CTU and well-being is more complex than previously established and that opposing mediating factors must be considered.
To elucidate the relationship between CTU and well-being, we identify specific communication-related demands and resources that are experienced by employees by virtue of their CTU.
In other words, a paradox consists of contradictory but interrelated elements that exist concurrently. The lens of paradox can be used to unify the various and contradictory research findings in this area. An important paradox revealed in the literature is the autonomy-control paradox or the autonomy paradox, which can be expressed as follows: Another important paradox regarding CTU is the proposed connectivity paradox.Feb 01, · Rachel Dretzin is the producer-director and co-correspondent of the minute Frontline special, "Digital Nation," which airs Tuesday Feb.
2 on PBS. It's a . The same technology that simplifies life by providing more functions in each device also complicates life by making the device harder to learn, harder to use. This is the paradox of technology. — Donald Norman, The Design of Everyday Things () What Norman said about technology in .
Third, technology companies, even those with dazzling capabilities in areas such as artificial intelligence, may fail to create the partnerships with clinicians and health care delivery systems needed to build tools that are truly useful and respectful of clinicians’ culture and workflow.
The productivity paradox refers to the slowdown in productivity growth in the United States in the s and 80s despite rapid development in the field of information technology (IT) over the same period. /r/technology is a place to share and discuss the latest developments, happenings and curiosities in the world of technology; a broad spectrum of conversation as to the innovations, aspirations, applications and machinations that define our age and shape our future.
"The underrepresentation of girls and women in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) fields is a continual concern for social scientists and policymakers" As .